Understanding and Using the CSS Line-Height Property: A Comprehensive Guide

In this tutorial, we will delve into one of the most commonly used yet often misunderstood properties in Cascading Style Sheets (CSS) – the line-height property. This property is crucial for controlling the vertical spacing between lines of text, which can significantly impact your website’s readability.

What is Line-Height?

The line-height property in CSS specifies the height of a line box. It’s used in conjunction with font-size to control how text is displayed on your webpage. The value you set for line-height determines the space above and below inline elements, which ultimately affects your content’s legibility.

How to Use Line-Height

To use the line-height property, you need to declare it within a CSS rule-set like so:

  p {
    line-height: 1.6;

This code sets the line height of all paragraphs (<p> elements) to 1.6 times their current font size.

Different Types of Values

You can specify line-height values in several ways:

  • Numeric values: These are unitless numbers that act as multipliers for the element’s current font size. For example, if an element has a font size of 16px and a line height of 1.5, then its computed line height will be 24px (16 * 1.5).
  • Length values: You can also specify an exact length using units such as pixels (px), ems (em), or rems (rem). For instance, ‘line-height: 20px’ sets the line height to exactly 20 pixels, regardless of the element’s current font size.
  • Percentage values: These are similar to numeric values but are based on a percentage of the current font size. For example, ‘line-height: 150%’ is equivalent to ‘line-height: 1.5’.

Best Practices for Using Line-Height

While there’s no one-size-fits-all rule for using line-height, here are some best practices that can guide you:

  • Avoid using fixed units: It’s generally recommended to use unitless numbers or percentages instead of fixed units like pixels. This ensures that your line heights scale proportionally if your font sizes change.
  • Maintain readability: A good starting point for line-height is between 1.5 and 2 times the font size. This range typically provides optimal readability by ensuring enough white space between lines of text.

In Conclusion

The CSS line-height property plays a vital role in enhancing your website’s readability and overall aesthetic appeal. By understanding how it works and following best practices, you can create more visually pleasing and accessible web content.

We hope this tutorial has been helpful in explaining the usage and importance of the CSS line-height property!

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