The anchor tag, represented as
<a href=""> in HTML, is an essential tool for creating hyperlinks. It allows you to link your webpage to another webpage or a specific location on the same page.
How to Use the Anchor Tag
To use the anchor tag, you need to understand its main attribute:
href attribute specifies the URL of the page you want to link to. Here’s a basic example:
<a href="https://www.example.com">Visit Example.com</a>
In this case, “Visit Example.com” is the text that will be clickable on your webpage. When clicked, it will direct users to “https://www.example.com”.
Absolute vs Relative URLs
You can use both absolute and relative URLs with the
href attribute. An absolute URL contains all information needed to locate a resource on the internet. A relative URL points to a file within your website directory.
Absolute: <a href="https://www.example.com/page.html">Link Text</a> Relative: <a href="/folder/page.html">Link Text</a>
Anchoring To Specific Locations On The Same Page
The anchor tag also allows you to create links that jump to specific sections within a single webpage using an id selector:
<a href="#section1">Go To Section 1</a> ... <div id="section1"> This is Section 1. </div>
When the “Go To Section 1″ link is clicked, the browser will scroll to the div with id=”section1”.
Opening Links in a New Tab
If you want your link to open in a new tab, you can use the
<a href="https://www.example.com" target="_blank">Visit Example.com</a>
The anchor tag is a powerful tool for navigating between webpages and within a single page. By understanding how to use it effectively, you can greatly enhance your website’s user experience.