Understanding the Anchor Tag in HTML

The anchor tag, represented as <a href=""> in HTML, is an essential tool for creating hyperlinks. It allows you to link your webpage to another webpage or a specific location on the same page.

How to Use the Anchor Tag

To use the anchor tag, you need to understand its main attribute: href. The href attribute specifies the URL of the page you want to link to. Here’s a basic example:

<a href="">Visit</a>

In this case, “Visit” is the text that will be clickable on your webpage. When clicked, it will direct users to “”.

Absolute vs Relative URLs

You can use both absolute and relative URLs with the href attribute. An absolute URL contains all information needed to locate a resource on the internet. A relative URL points to a file within your website directory.

Absolute: <a href="">Link Text</a>
Relative: <a href="/folder/page.html">Link Text</a>

Anchoring To Specific Locations On The Same Page

The anchor tag also allows you to create links that jump to specific sections within a single webpage using an id selector:

<a href="#section1">Go To Section 1</a>


<div id="section1">
    This is Section 1.

When the “Go To Section 1″ link is clicked, the browser will scroll to the div with id=”section1”.

Opening Links in a New Tab

If you want your link to open in a new tab, you can use the target="_blank" attribute:

<a href="" target="_blank">Visit</a>


The anchor tag is a powerful tool for navigating between webpages and within a single page. By understanding how to use it effectively, you can greatly enhance your website’s user experience.

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