Understanding the close() Method in Python: A Comprehensive Guide

In this tutorial, we will delve into one of the most commonly used methods in Python programming – the close() method. This method is primarily used for file handling operations and plays a crucial role in ensuring that your programs run smoothly and efficiently.

What is the close() Method?

The close() method in Python is used to close an open file. It’s important to understand that when you’re working with files, it’s not just about opening and reading or writing to them. You also need to ensure that they are properly closed after performing these operations.

Why Use the close() Method?

Closing a file makes sure that all changes made to it are saved and resources are freed up. If you forget to use the close() method, Python doesn’t immediately close the file. However, depending on your system’s configuration and resource availability, keeping files open could lead to memory leaks causing your program to crash or run inefficiently.

Syntax of close() Method


This will close the file referred by ‘file’ object.

A Basic Example of Using close() Method

# Open a file
file = open("test.txt", "w")
print("File name: ",

# Perform some operation (like writing)
file.write("This is a test.")

# Close opened file

In this example, we first open a text file named “test.txt” in write mode (“w”). We then print out its name using After writing a string to the file using file.write(), we close it using file.close().


The close() method is an essential part of Python’s file handling capabilities. Always remember to close your files after you’re done with them to ensure that all changes are saved and system resources are efficiently utilized.

We hope this tutorial has been helpful in understanding the use of the close() method in Python. Happy coding!

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