Understanding Python’s issubclass() Method: A Comprehensive Guide

In this tutorial, we will delve into the Python built-in function issubclass(). This method is used to check whether a class is a subclass of another class. It returns True if the given class is indeed a subclass of the specified class, and False otherwise.

Usage of issubclass()

The syntax for using issubclass() in Python is as follows:

issubclass(class, classinfo)

This function takes two parameters:

  • class: This mandatory parameter represents the class that needs to be checked.
  • classinfo: This mandatory parameter can be a single class or an iterable containing classes, against which ‘class’ has to be checked.

An Example of Using issubclass()

To illustrate how issubclass() works, let’s consider an example where we have two classes – ParentClass and ChildClass. The ChildClass inherits from ParentClass.

# Defining parent class
class ParentClass:

# Defining child class
class ChildClass(ParentClass):

# Checking if ChildClass is a subclass of ParentClass
print(issubclass(ChildClass, ParentClass))

The output for this code will be ‘True’, indicating that ChildClass indeed inherits from ParentClass.

A Few Things to Note About issubclass()

  • If ‘classinfo’ is not a type or tuple of types, a TypeError exception will be raised.
  • If ‘classinfo’ is a tuple of type objects (or recursively, other such tuples), return true if ‘class’ is a subclass of any type in that tuple or any element of the nested tuples.


The issubclass() method in Python provides an efficient way to check class inheritance. It’s a handy tool for debugging and understanding your code’s structure, especially when working with complex systems involving multiple classes and inheritances.

We hope this tutorial has been helpful in understanding the usage and functionality of the issubclass() method in Python. Happy coding!

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